Thin-shell textile-reinforced concrete floors for sustainable buildings
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Hawkins, W., Orr, J., Shepherd, P., Ibell, T., & Bregulia, J. Thin-shell textile-reinforced concrete floors for sustainable buildings. IASS 2017. https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.20920
Steel-reinforced concrete, cast in flat prismatic forms, dominates multi-storey building construction around the world. Despite the fluidity of the material, opportunities to create efficient geometries through manipulation of form are habitually overlooked, resulting in inefficient cracked sections, high steel requirements and large carbon footprints. This project brings together modern developments in computational design, materials and construction to propose a novel thin-shell concrete flooring system for multi-storey buildings, creating a low embodied energy and lightweight alternative to traditional reinforced concrete flat slabs. In this investigation, the performance of various shell geometries are compared using finite element analysis. A functional design is produced and found to offer reductions of 62% in embodied energy and 64% in weight compared to an equivalent flat slab.
This record's DOI: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.20920
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/273845