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dc.contributor.authorRichards, Jakeen
dc.date.accessioned2018-03-12T10:30:09Z
dc.date.available2018-03-12T10:30:09Z
dc.date.issued2018-11-01en
dc.identifier.issn0031-2746
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/273909
dc.description.abstractFrom 1807 onwards, bilateral slave-trade treaties stipulated how naval squadrons would rescue slaves from slave ships, and how states should arrange the settlement and apprenticeship of these slaves, to transform them into ‘liberated Africans’. Comparing interactions between the state and liberated Africans at sea along the South African and Brazilian coasts, and in the port towns of Cape Town and Salvador, reveals how the legal status of liberated Africans changed over time. Current scholarship has framed liberated Africans in terms of whether they were attributed rights or suffered re-enslavement, and thus focused on their solidarity through claiming rights, ‘ethnic survivals’ or creolization. Instead, this paper argues anti-slave-trade legislation ascribed to liberated Africans a set of unguaranteed entitlements – promises regarding status and treatment without obligating states to uphold that status or treatment. By focusing on the precise aspects of legislation that operated at each point in the process of anti-slave-trade activity – rescuing slaves from slave ships, transportation to a port, processing through a court, and apprenticeship – this paper unearths how the law came into force in the encounter between state officials and liberated Africans, as part of the complex transition from slavery to free labour.
dc.description.sponsorshipI express my thanks to the AHRC, who have funded my doctoral research. The AHRC, the Smuts Memorial Fund and a Santander Mobility Grant funded research trips. I wrote several versions of this article as a Visiting Fellow at Harvard University, which the US−UK Fulbright Commission generously funded.
dc.publisherOxford University Press
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleAnti-slave-trade Law, ‘Liberated Africans’, and the State in the South Atlantic World, c. 1839 – 52en
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage219
prism.issueIdentifier1en
prism.publicationDate2018en
prism.publicationNamePast and Presenten
prism.startingPage179
prism.volume241en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.20985
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-10-19en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1093/pastj/gty020en
rioxxterms.versionAM*
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-11-01en
dc.identifier.eissn1477-464X
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idAHRC (1653462)
cam.issuedOnline2018-10-17en
cam.orpheus.successThu Jan 30 13:01:13 GMT 2020 - The item has an open VoR version.*
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2100-01-01


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International