Effects of Environmental and Management-Associated Factors on Prevalence and Diversity of Streptococcus suis in Clinically Healthy Pig Herds in China and the United Kingdom.
Applied and environmental microbiology
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Zou, G., Zhou, J., Xiao, R., Zhang, L., Cheng, Y., Jin, H., Li, L., et al. (2018). Effects of Environmental and Management-Associated Factors on Prevalence and Diversity of Streptococcus suis in Clinically Healthy Pig Herds in China and the United Kingdom.. Applied and environmental microbiology, 84 (8)https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.02590-17
Streptococcus suis (S. suis), a global zoonosis of pigs, shows regional differences in prevalence of human associated disease for Asian and non-Asian countries. The isolation rate and diversity of S. suis on tonsils of healthy slaughter pigs in China and the UK were studied for effects of geography, temperature, pig age and farm type. Isolates underwent analysis of molecular serotype, multilocus sequence type, and virulence-associated genotyping. Although we found no significant difference in positive isolation rates between Chinese and UK farms, the prevalences of serotypes previously associated with human disease were significantly greater in the Chinese collection (p = 0.003). A significant effect of temperature was found on the positive isolation rate of the Chinese samples and prevalence of human disease associated serotypes in the UK S. suis population (China, p = 0.004; UK, p = 0.024), and on the prevalence of isolates carrying key virulence genes in China (p = 0.044). Finally, we found marked diversity among S. suis isolates with statistically significant temperature effects on detection of multiple strain types within individual pigs. This study highlighted the high carriage prevalence and diversity of S. suis among clinically healthy pig herds of China and the UK. The significant effect of temperature on prevalence of isolation, human disease associated serotypes and diversity carried by individual pigs may shed new light on geographic variations in human S. suis associated disease.
Animals, Swine, Streptococcus suis, Streptococcal Infections, Swine Diseases, Prevalence, Longitudinal Studies, Temperature, Age Factors, Genome, Bacterial, Animal Husbandry, China, Genetic Variation, United Kingdom
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Societal Challenges (727966)
Royal Society (DH140195)
WELLCOME TRUST (109385/Z/15/Z)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.02590-17
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/274527