Neuroglial interactions underpinning myelin plasticity.
de Faria, Omar
John Wiley & Sons Inc.
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de Faria, O., Pama, E., Evans, K., Luzhynskaya, A., & Káradóttir, R. T. (2018). Neuroglial interactions underpinning myelin plasticity.. Developmental neurobiology, 78 (2), 93-107. https://doi.org/10.1002/dneu.22539
The CNS is extremely responsive to an ever-changing environment. Studies of neural circuit plasticity focus almost exclusively on functional and structural changes of neuronal synapses. In recent years, however, myelin plasticity has emerged as a potential modulator of neuronal networks. Myelination of previously unmyelinated axons, and changes in the structure of myelin on already-myelinated axons (like changes in internode number and length or myelin thickness or geometry of the nodal area) can in theory have significant effects on the function of neuronal networks. Here we review the current evidence for myelin changes occurring in the adult CNS, highlight some potential underlying mechanisms of how neuronal activity may regulate myelin changes, and explore the similarities between neuronal and myelin plasticity.
Central Nervous System, Myelin Sheath, Neurons, Animals, Humans, Cynara, Neuronal Plasticity
We would like to thank our funders: Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine: Ragnhildur Thóra Káradóttir; Allen Distinguished Investigator programme, through The Paul G. Allen Frontiers Group: Ragnhildur Thóra Káradóttir and Kimberley Evans; Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) and The Cambridge Trust: E. A. Claudia Pama; UK Multiple Sclerosis Society: Ragnhildur Thóra Káradóttir and Omar de-Faria-jr, Award number 50. The funders had no role in decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS SOCIETY (50)
Paul G Allen Family Foundation (12076)
Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine (unknown)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/dneu.22539
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/274889