Automated telecommunication interventions to promote adherence to cardio-metabolic medications: meta-analysis of effectiveness and meta-regression of behaviour change techniques.
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Health psychology review
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Kassavou, A., & Sutton, S. (2018). Automated telecommunication interventions to promote adherence to cardio-metabolic medications: meta-analysis of effectiveness and meta-regression of behaviour change techniques.. Health psychology review, 12 (1), 25-42. https://doi.org/10.1080/17437199.2017.1365617
Automated telecommunication interventions, including short message service and interactive voice response, are increasingly being used to promote adherence to medications prescribed for cardio-metabolic conditions. This systematic review aimed to comprehensively assess the effectiveness of such interventions to support medication adherence, and to identify the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) and other intervention characteristics that are positively associated with greater intervention effectiveness. Meta-analysis of 17 randomised controlled trials showed a small but statistically significant effect on medication adherence, OR = 1.89, 95% CI [1.51, 2.36], I2 = 89%, N = 25,101. Multivariable meta-regression analysis including eight BCTs explained 88% of the observed variance in effect size (ES). The BCTs 'tailored' and 'information about health consequences' were positively and significantly associated with ES. Future studies could explore whether the inclusion of these and/or additional techniques (e.g., 'implementation intentions') would increase the effect of automated telecommunication interventions, using rigorous designs and objective outcome measures.
Humans, Myocardial Infarction, Diabetes Mellitus, Antihypertensive Agents, Hypoglycemic Agents, Treatment Outcome, Behavior Therapy, Telemedicine, Reminder Systems, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Stroke, Medication Adherence, Text Messaging
National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) (via Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG)) (15859 / PB-PG-0215-36032)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17437199.2017.1365617
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/275989
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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