Factors Influencing Team Behaviors in Surgery: A Qualitative Study to Inform Teamwork Interventions.
The Annals of thoracic surgery
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Aveling, E., Stone, J., Sundt, T., Wright, C., Gino, F., & Singer, S. (2018). Factors Influencing Team Behaviors in Surgery: A Qualitative Study to Inform Teamwork Interventions.. The Annals of thoracic surgery, 106 (1), 115-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2017.12.045
Background: Surgical excellence demands teamwork. Poor team behaviors negatively affect team performance and are associated with adverse events and worse outcomes. Interventions to improve surgical teamwork focusing on frontline team members’ nontechnical skills have proliferated but shown mixed results. Literature on teamwork in organizations suggests that team behaviors are also contingent on psycho-social, cultural and organizational factors. This study examines factors influencing surgical team behaviors in order to inform more contextually sensitive and effective approaches to optimizing surgical teamwork. Methods: Qualitative study of cardiac surgical teams in a large US teaching hospital included 34 semi-structured interviews. Thematic network analysis was used to examine perceptions of ideal teamwork and factors influencing team behaviors in the OR. Results: Perceptions of ideal teamwork were largely shared, but team members held discrepant views of which team and leadership behaviors enhanced or undermined teamwork. Other factors impacting team behaviors related to: local organizational culture, including management of staff behavior; variable case demands and team members’ technical competence; fitness of organizational structures and processes to support teamwork. These factors affected perceptions of what constituted optimal interpersonal and team behaviors in the OR. Conclusions: Team behaviors are contextually contingent and organizationally determined, and beliefs about optimal behaviors are not necessarily shared. Interventions to optimize surgical teamwork requires establishing consensus regarding best practice, ability to adapt as circumstances require, and organizational commitment to addressing contextual factors that impact teams.
Humans, Risk Factors, Attitude of Health Personnel, Cooperative Behavior, Leadership, Interprofessional Relations, Task Performance and Analysis, Thoracic Surgery, Qualitative Research, Clinical Competence, Hospitals, Teaching, Operating Rooms, Medical Errors, Organizational Culture, Patient Care Team, United States, Female, Male, Interviews as Topic
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2017.12.045
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/277065
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/