The health impacts of women's low control in their living environment: A theory-based systematic review of observational studies in societies with profound gender discrimination.
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Pennington, A., Orton, L., Nayak, S., Ring, A., Petticrew, M., Sowden, A., White, M., & et al. (2018). The health impacts of women's low control in their living environment: A theory-based systematic review of observational studies in societies with profound gender discrimination.. Health Place, 51 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.001
We conducted a systematic review of observational evidence on the health impacts of women's low control/autonomy in the living environment in societies with profound gender discrimination and gender bias. Thirty observational studies of varying methodological quality were included. Overall, the evidence suggests that women's lower control or autonomy (for example lack of freedom of movement outside the home, lack of authority to access healthcare for sick children) was associated with poorer mental and physical health for women and higher morbidity and mortality for their children, after adjusting for their socioeconomic circumstances. Further studies are needed to disentangle and understand the pathways between low control and health outcomes in contexts of profound gender discrimination. This systematic review has highlighted the general low quality of the evidence base on this research question. It identifies the pressing need for high quality, longitudinal studies in the future.
Humans, Morbidity, Personal Autonomy, Women's Health, Female, Health Status Disparities, Sexism
Wellcome Trust (087636/Z/08/Z)
Economic and Social Research Council (ES/G007462/1)
Medical Research Council (MR/K023187/1)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.001
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/277115
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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