Impulsivity traits and addiction-related behaviors in youth.
Rømer Thomsen, Kristine
Callesen, Mette Buhl
Pedersen, Michael Mulbjerg
Pedersen, Mads Uffe
Journal of behavioral addictions
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Rømer Thomsen, K., Callesen, M. B., Hesse, M., Kvamme, T. L., Pedersen, M. M., Pedersen, M. U., & Voon, V. (2018). Impulsivity traits and addiction-related behaviors in youth.. Journal of behavioral addictions, 7 (2), 317-330. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.22
Background and aims: Impulsivity is a risk factor for addictive behaviours. The UPPS-P impulsivity model has been associated with substance addiction and gambling disorder, but its role in other non-substance addiction-related behaviours is less understood. We sought to examine associations between UPPS-P impulsivity traits and indicators of multiple substance and non-substance addiction-related behaviours in youth with varying involvement in these behaviours. Methods: Participants (N=109, aged 16-26, 68.8% males) were selected from a national survey based on their level of externalizing problems to achieve a broad distribution of involvement in addiction-related behaviours. Participants completed the UPPS-P questionnaire and standardized questionnaires assessing problematic use of substances (alcohol, cannabis, other drugs) and non-substances (internet gaming, pornography, food). Regression analyses were used to assess associations between impulsivity traits and indicators of addiction-related behaviours. Results: The UPPS-P model was positively associated with indicators of all addiction-related behaviours except problematic internet gaming. In the fully adjusted models sensation seeking and lack of perseverance were associated with problematic use of alcohol; urgency was associated with problematic use of cannabis; and lack of perseverance was associated with problematic use of other drugs than cannabis. Further, urgency and lack of perseverance were associated with binge eating; and lack of perseverance was associated with problematic use of pornography. Discussion and conclusions: We emphasize the role of trait impulsivity across multiple addiction-related behaviours. Our findings in at-risk youth highlight urgency and lack of perseverance as potential predictors for the development of addictions and as potential preventative therapeutic targets.
Humans, Substance-Related Disorders, Multivariate Analysis, Regression Analysis, Cross-Sectional Studies, Impulsive Behavior, Behavior, Addictive, Personality, Adolescent, Adult, Female, Male, Young Adult, Feeding and Eating Disorders
The project was supported by Aarhus University Research Foundation (AUFF), Assistant Professor Starting Grant - R46-A4016 (K.R.T., M.B.C., V.V., M.U.P.); Danish Ministry for Social Affairs and the Interior - 9173-0003 (K.R.T., M.B.C., M.U.P., M.M.P., T.L.K.); and Medical Research Council (MRC), Senior Clinical Fellowship - MR/P008747/1 (V.V.).
Wellcome Trust (093705/Z/10/Z)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.22
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/277340
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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