Performance Envelopes of In-Air Direct and Smartwatch Indirect Control for Head-Mounted Augmented Reality
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Wolf, D., Dudley, J., & Kristensson, P. O. Performance Envelopes of In-Air Direct and Smartwatch Indirect Control for Head-Mounted Augmented Reality. IEEE VR. https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.25799
The scarcity of established input methods for augmented reality (AR) head-mounted displays (HMD) motivates us to investigate the performance envelopes of two easily realisable solutions: indirect cursor control via a smartwatch and direct control by in-air touch. Indirect cursor control via a smartwatch has not been previously investigated for AR HMDs. We evaluate these two techniques in three fundamental user interface actions: target acquisition, goal crossing, and circular steering. We find that in-air is faster than smartwatch (p<0.001) for target acquisition and circular steering. We observe, however, that in-air selection can lead to discomfort after extended use and suggest that smartwatch control offers a complementary alternative.
Fitts’ law, steering law, goal crossing, in-air selection, smartwatch, indirect cursor, AR, augmented reality
This work was supported by EPSRC (grant number EP/N010558/1) and the Trimble Fund. Part of this work was conducted within the Transregional Collaborative Research Centre SFB/TRR 62 Companion-Technology of Cognitive Technical Systems funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG).
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/N010558/1)
This record's DOI: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.25799
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/278458