Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorTang, Bijun
dc.contributor.authorDevenish, Steven O
dc.contributor.authorLummis, Sarah
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-05T12:49:49Z
dc.date.available2018-09-05T12:49:49Z
dc.date.issued2018-07-10
dc.identifier.issn0006-2960
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/279604
dc.description.abstractThe extracellular domains (ECDs) of Cys-loop receptors contain many aromatic amino acids, but only relatively few have been well studied. Here we explore the roles of Tyr and Trp residues in the ECD of the glycine receptor and show that four such residues that have not been previously studied (Y24, Y58, W170, and Y197) contribute significantly to the function of the protein. The residues were studied by creating mutant receptors, characterizing them using two-electrode voltage clamp in Xenopus oocytes, and interpreting changes in receptor parameters using structural information about the open and closed states of the receptor. Alanine substitution of all these residues ablates function or increases the glycine EC50. There are also a number of changes in the relative maximal responses to taurine, a partial agonist, compared to glycine. Further mutations, in combination with structural information, suggest Y24 contributes to an anion-π interaction with a binding loop D residue, Y58 to an S-π interaction stabilizing the Cys loop, W170 to hydrophobic interactions stabilizing the hydrophobic interior of the subunit, and Y197 to a hydrogen bond linking binding loops B and C. These interactions appear to be broadly conserved in other Cys-loop receptors. Thus, we have identified new regions of the glycine receptor that are important contributors to receptor activation and are likely also to contribute to function in other members of this important protein family.
dc.description.sponsorshipS.C.R.L. was supported by MRC Grant MR L021676.
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Society
dc.titleIdentification of Novel Functionally Important Aromatic Residue Interactions in the Extracellular Domain of the Glycine Receptor.
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage4035
prism.issueIdentifier27
prism.publicationDate2018
prism.publicationNameBiochemistry
prism.startingPage4029
prism.volume57
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.26975
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-05-28
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1021/acs.biochem.8b00425
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-07-10
dc.contributor.orcidLummis, Sarah [0000-0001-9410-9805]
dc.identifier.eissn1520-4995
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idMedical Research Council (MR/L021676/1)
cam.issuedOnline2018-06-27
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2019-06-27


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record