The intermediate scattering function for quasi-elastic scattering in the presence of memory friction
Journal of Physics Communications
Institute of Physics
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Townsend, P., & Ward, D. (2018). The intermediate scattering function for quasi-elastic scattering in the presence of memory friction. Journal of Physics Communications, 2 (7) https://doi.org/10.1088/2399-6528/aad221
We derive an analytical expression for the intermediate scattering function of a particle on a flat surface obeying the Generalised Langevin Equation, with exponential memory friction. Numerical simulations based on an extended phase space method confirm the analytical results. The simulated trajectories provide qualitative insight into the effect that introducing a finite memory timescale has on the analytical line shapes. The relative amplitude of the long-time exponential tail of the line shape is suppressed, but its decay rate is unchanged, reflecting the fact that the cutoff frequency of the exponential kernel affects short-time correlations but not the diffusion coefficient which is defined in terms of a long-time limit. The exponential sensitivity of the relative amplitudes to the decay time of the chosen memory kernel is a very strong indicator for the prospect of inferring a friction kernel and the physical insights from experimentally measured intermediate scattering functions.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/2399-6528/aad221
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/279606