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dc.contributor.authorLambregtse-van den Berg, Mijke P
dc.contributor.authorTiemeier, Henning
dc.contributor.authorVerhulst, Frank C
dc.contributor.authorJaddoe, Vincent
dc.contributor.authorTindall, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorVlachos, Haido
dc.contributor.authorAumayer, Katie
dc.contributor.authorIles, Jane
dc.contributor.authorRamchandani, Paul
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-13T00:31:21Z
dc.date.available2018-11-13T00:31:21Z
dc.date.issued2018-10
dc.identifier.issn0924-9338
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/284984
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Early childhood aggressive behaviour is a predictor of future violence. Therefore, identifying risk factors for children's aggressive behaviour is important in understanding underlying mechanisms. Maternal postpartum depression is a known risk factor. However, little research has focused on the influence of paternal behaviour on early childhood aggression and its interaction with maternal postpartum depression. METHODS: This study was performed in two cohorts: the Fathers Project, in the United Kingdom (n = 143) and the Generation R Study, in The Netherlands (n = 549). In both cohorts, we related paternal antisocial personality (ASP) traits and maternal postpartum depressive (PPD) symptoms to childhood aggressive behaviour at age two (Fathers Project) and age three (Generation R Study). We additionally tested whether the presence of paternal ASP traits increased the association between maternal PPD-symptoms and early childhood aggression. RESULTS: The association between paternal ASP traits and early childhood aggressive behaviour, corrected for maternal PPD-symptoms, was similar in magnitude between the cohorts (Fathers Project: standardized β = 0.12, p = 0.146; Generation R: β = 0.14, p = 0.001), although the association was not statistically significant in the Fathers Project. Strikingly, and in contrast to our expectations, there was evidence of a negative interaction between paternal ASP traits and maternal PPD-symptoms on childhood aggressive behaviour (Fathers Project: β = -0.20, p = 0.020; Generation R: β = -0.09, p = 0.043) in both studies. This meant that with higher levels of paternal ASP traits the association between maternal PPD-symptoms and childhood aggressive behaviour was less and vice versa. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings stress the importance of including both maternal and paternal psychopathology in future studies and interventions focusing on early childhood aggressive behaviour.
dc.description.sponsorshipWellcome Trust
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronic
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherCambridge University Press (CUP)
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectDepression, Postpartum
dc.subjectLinear Models
dc.subjectRisk Factors
dc.subjectAggression
dc.subjectDepression
dc.subjectChild Behavior
dc.subjectPaternal Behavior
dc.subjectFathers
dc.subjectMothers
dc.subjectAntisocial Personality Disorder
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectChild, Preschool
dc.subjectChild of Impaired Parents
dc.subjectNetherlands
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectUnited Kingdom
dc.titleEarly childhood aggressive behaviour: Negative interactions with paternal antisocial behaviour and maternal postpartum depressive symptoms across two international cohorts.
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage84
prism.publicationDate2018
prism.publicationNameEur Psychiatry
prism.startingPage77
prism.volume54
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.32355
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-07-24
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.eurpsy.2018.07.007
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-10
dc.contributor.orcidRamchandani, Paul [0000-0003-3646-2410]
dc.identifier.eissn1778-3585
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.issuedOnline2018-07-18


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International