Genetics of antigen processing and presentation.
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
MetadataShow full item record
Kelly, A., & Trowsdale, J. (2019). Genetics of antigen processing and presentation.. Immunogenetics, 71 (3), 161-170. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00251-018-1082-2
Immune response to disease requires coordinated expression of an army of molecules. The highly polymorphic MHC class I and class II molecules are key to control of specificity of antigen presentation. Processing of the antigen, to peptides or other moieties, requires other sets of molecules. For classical class I, this includes TAP peptide transporters, proteasome components and Tapasin, genes which are encoded within the MHC. Similarly, HLA-DO and -DM, which influence presentation by HLA class II molecules, are encoded in the MHC region. Analysis of MHC mutants, including point mutations and large deletions, has been central to understanding the roles of these genes. Mouse genetics has also played a major role. Many other genes have been identified including those controlling expression of HLA class I and class II at the transcriptional level. Another genetic approach that has provided insight has been the analysis of microorganisms, including viruses and bacteria that escape immune recognition by blocking these antigen processing and presentation pathways. Here, we provide a brief history of the genetic approaches, both traditional and modern, that have been used in the quest to understand antigen processing and presentation.
Animals, Humans, Immunogenetics, Antigen Presentation, Major Histocompatibility Complex
European Research Council (695551)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00251-018-1082-2
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/285119
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/