Electro- and Solar-Driven Fuel Synthesis with First Row Transition Metal Complexes.
Dalle, Kristian E
Leung, Jane J
Karmel, Isabell S
American Chemical Society (ACS)
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Dalle, K. E., Warnan, J., Leung, J. J., Reuillard, B., Karmel, I. S., & Reisner, E. (2019). Electro- and Solar-Driven Fuel Synthesis with First Row Transition Metal Complexes.. Chem Rev, 119 (4), 2752-2875. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.8b00392
The synthesis of renewable fuels from abundant water or the greenhouse gas CO2 is a major step toward creating sustainable and scalable energy storage technologies. In the last few decades, much attention has focused on the development of nonprecious metal-based catalysts and, in more recent years, their integration in solid-state support materials and devices that operate in water. This review surveys the literature on 3d metal-based molecular catalysts and focuses on their immobilization on heterogeneous solid-state supports for electro-, photo-, and photoelectrocatalytic synthesis of fuels in aqueous media. The first sections highlight benchmark homogeneous systems using proton and CO2 reducing 3d transition metal catalysts as well as commonly employed methods for catalyst immobilization, including a discussion of supporting materials and anchoring groups. The subsequent sections elaborate on productive associations between molecular catalysts and a wide range of substrates based on carbon, quantum dots, metal oxide surfaces, and semiconductors. The molecule-material hybrid systems are organized as "dark" cathodes, colloidal photocatalysts, and photocathodes, and their figures of merit are discussed alongside system stability and catalyst integrity. The final section extends the scope of this review to prospects and challenges in targeting catalysis beyond "classical" H2 evolution and CO2 reduction to C1 products, by summarizing cases for higher-value products from N2 reduction, C x>1 products from CO2 utilization, and other reductive organic transformations.
Christian Doppler Research Association (Austrian Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy and National Foundation for Research, Technology and Development), the OMV Group, the Woolf Fisher Trust (New Zealand), the Cambridge Trust (University of Cambridge), the EPSRC (IAA Follow on Fund), the ERC Consolidator Grant “MatEnSAP” (GAN 682833) and a Blavatnik Fellowship
Christian Doppler Forschungsgesellschaft (unknown)
European Research Council (682833)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.8b00392
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/288302
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/