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dc.contributor.authorWelker, Fridoen
dc.contributor.authorHajdinjak, Matejaen
dc.contributor.authorTalamo, Sahraen
dc.contributor.authorJaouen, Klerviaen
dc.contributor.authorDannemann, Michaelen
dc.contributor.authorDavid, Francineen
dc.contributor.authorJulien, Michèleen
dc.contributor.authorMeyer, Matthiasen
dc.contributor.authorKelso, Janeten
dc.contributor.authorBarnes, Ianen
dc.contributor.authorBrace, Selinaen
dc.contributor.authorKamminga, Pepijnen
dc.contributor.authorFischer, Romanen
dc.contributor.authorKessler, Benedikt Men
dc.contributor.authorStewart, John Ren
dc.contributor.authorPääbo, Svanteen
dc.contributor.authorCollins, Matthewen
dc.contributor.authorHublin, Jean-Jacquesen
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-18T23:30:22Z
dc.date.available2019-07-18T23:30:22Z
dc.date.issued2016-10-04en
dc.identifier.issn0027-8424
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/294767
dc.description.abstractIn Western Europe, the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition is associated with the disappearance of Neandertals and the spread of anatomically modern humans (AMHs). Current chronological, behavioral, and biological models of this transitional period hinge on the Châtelperronian technocomplex. At the site of the Grotte du Renne, Arcy-sur-Cure, morphological Neandertal specimens are not directly dated but are contextually associated with the Châtelperronian, which contains bone points and beads. The association between Neandertals and this "transitional" assemblage has been controversial because of the lack either of a direct hominin radiocarbon date or of molecular confirmation of the Neandertal affiliation. Here we provide further evidence for a Neandertal-Châtelperronian association at the Grotte du Renne through biomolecular and chronological analysis. We identified 28 additional hominin specimens through zooarchaeology by mass spectrometry (ZooMS) screening of morphologically uninformative bone specimens from Châtelperronian layers at the Grotte du Renne. Next, we obtain an ancient hominin bone proteome through liquid chromatography-MS/MS analysis and error-tolerant amino acid sequence analysis. Analysis of this palaeoproteome allows us to provide phylogenetic and physiological information on these ancient hominin specimens. We distinguish Late Pleistocene clades within the genus Homo based on ancient protein evidence through the identification of an archaic-derived amino acid sequence for the collagen type X, alpha-1 (COL10α1) protein. We support this by obtaining ancient mtDNA sequences, which indicate a Neandertal ancestry for these specimens. Direct accelerator mass spectometry radiocarbon dating and Bayesian modeling confirm that the hominin specimens date to the Châtelperronian at the Grotte du Renne.
dc.languageengen
dc.rightsPublisher's own licence
dc.rights.uri
dc.titlePalaeoproteomic evidence identifies archaic hominins associated with the Châtelperronian at the Grotte du Renne.en
dc.typeArticle
prism.issueIdentifier40en
prism.publicationDate2016en
prism.publicationNameProc Natl Acad Sci U S Aen
prism.volume113en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.41864
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-07-29en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1073/pnas.1605834113en
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-10-04en
dc.contributor.orcidKelso, Janet [0000-0002-3618-322X]
dc.contributor.orcidCollins, Matthew [0000-0003-4226-5501]
dc.identifier.eissn1091-6490
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
cam.issuedOnline2016-09-16en


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