DORN1/P2K1 and purino-calcium signalling in plants: making waves with extracellular ATP.
Bhat, Madhura G
Annals of botany
Oxford University Press
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Matthus, E., Sun, J., Wang, L., Bhat, M. G., Mohammad-Sidik, A. B., Wilkins, K., Leblanc-Fournier, N., et al. (2020). DORN1/P2K1 and purino-calcium signalling in plants: making waves with extracellular ATP.. Annals of botany, 124 (7), 1227-1242. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcz135
● Background and Aims Extracellular ATP governs a range of plant functions, including cell viability, adaptation and cross-kingdom interactions. Key functions of extracellular ATP in leaves and roots may involve an increase in cytosolic free calcium as a second messenger (“calcium signature”). The main aim here was to determine to what extent leaf and root calcium responses require the DORN1/P2K1 extracellular ATP receptor in Arabidopsis thaliana. The second aim was to test whether extracellular ATP can generate a calcium wave in the root. ● Methods Leaf and root responses to extracellular ATP were reviewed for their possible links to calcium signalling and DORN1/P2K1. Leaves and roots of wild type and dorn1 plants were tested for cytosolic calcium increase in response to ATP, using aequorin. Spatial abundance of DORN1/P2K1 in the root was estimated using GFP. Wild type roots expressing GCaMP3 were used to determine spatial variation of cytosolic calcium increase in response to extracellular ATP. ● Key results Leaf and root ATP-induced calcium signatures differed markedly. The leaf signature was only partially dependent on DORN1/P2K1, the root signature was fully dependent. Distribution of DORN1/P2K1 in the root supports a key role in the generation of the apical calcium signature. Root apical and sub-apical calcium signatures may operate independently of each other but an apical calcium increase can drive a sub-apical increase, consistent with a calcium wave. ● Conclusion DORN1 could underpin several calcium-related responses but it may not be the only receptor for extracellular ATP in Arabidopsis. The root has capacity for a calcium wave, triggered by extracellular ATP at the apex.
Arabidopsis, Plant Roots, Calcium, Arabidopsis Proteins, Adenosine Triphosphate, Calcium Signaling
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcz135
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/295613
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