The significance of grain morphology and moisture content on the response of silica sand to ballistic penetration
Applied Physics Letters
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Perry, J., Braithwaite, C., Taylor, N., & Jardine, A. (2019). The significance of grain morphology and moisture content on the response of silica sand to ballistic penetration. Applied Physics Letters, 115 (8)https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5114881
The dynamic response of sand is of interest for a wide range of applications, from civil engineering to asteroid impact, in addition to defense and industrial processes. Granular dynamics are controlled by a complex network of intergrain force chains; yet, our understanding of how grain morphology, moisture, rate, and loading geometry affect the response to rapid compaction remains limited. Here, we show how just 1% moisture can significantly reduce penetration resistance in silica sand, while smoother-grained material—with a similar bulk density, grain size, and mineralogy—exhibits markedly improved stopping power. Cylindrical targets are impacted by spherical steel projectiles, with Digital Speckle Radiography employed to determine both the penetration depth and the sand bed displacement at a series of incremental time steps after impact. The results provide substantial insight into how slight adjustments to grain-grain contact points can affect the bulk dynamic response of brittle granular materials.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5114881
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/296344
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