Hydrodynamic Shape Changes Underpin Nuclear Rerouting in Branched Hyphae of an Oomycete Pathogen.
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American Society for Microbiology
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Evangelisti, E., Shenhav, L., Yunusov, T., Le Naour-Vernet, M., Rink, P., & Schornack, S. (2019). Hydrodynamic Shape Changes Underpin Nuclear Rerouting in Branched Hyphae of an Oomycete Pathogen.. mBio, 10 (5)https://doi.org/10.1128/mbio.01516-19
Multinucleate fungi and oomycetes are phylogenetically distant but structurally similar. To address whether they share similar nuclear dynamics we carried out time-lapse imaging of fluorescently labelled Phytophthora palmivora nuclei. Nuclei underwent coordinated bi-directional movements during plant infection. Within hyphal networks growing in planta or in axenic culture nuclei are either dragged passively with the cytoplasm or actively become rerouted toward nuclei-depleted hyphal sections and often display a very stretched shape. Benomyl-induced depolymerization of microtubules reduced active movements and the occurrence of stretched nuclei. A centrosome protein localized at the leading end of stretched nuclei, suggesting that like fungi astral microtubule-guided movements contribute to nuclear distribution within oomycete hyphae. The remarkable hydrodynamic shape adaptations of Phytophthora nuclei contrast those in fungi and likely enable them to migrate over longer distances. Therefore, our work summarises mechanisms which enable a near equal nuclear distribution in an oomycete. We provide a basis for computational modelling of hydrodynamic nuclear deformation within branched tubular networks.
Cell Nucleus, Centrosome, Phytophthora, Hyphae, Computational Biology, Movement
Gatsby Charitable Foundation Royal Society ERASMUS+
Gatsby Charitable Foundation (GAT3395/GLD)
Royal Society (UF160413)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1128/mbio.01516-19
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/296747
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