The mechanics of solid-state nanofoaming.
Proceedings. Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences
The Royal Society
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Van Loock, F., Bernardo, V., Rodríguez Pérez, M. A., & Fleck, N. (2019). The mechanics of solid-state nanofoaming.. Proceedings. Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences, 475 (2230), 20190339. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2019.0339
Solid-state nanofoaming experiments are conducted on two PMMA grades of markedly different molecular weight using CO₂ as the blowing agent. The sensitivity of porosity to foaming time and foaming temperature is measured. Also, the microstructure of the PMMA nanofoams is characterized in terms of cell size and cell nucleation density. A onedimensional numerical model is developed to predict the growth of spherical, gas-filled voids during the solid-state foaming process. Diffusion of CO₂ within the PMMA matrix is sufficiently rapid for the concentration of CO₂ to remain almost uniform spatially. The foaming model makes use of experimentally calibrated constitutive laws for the uniaxial stress versus strain response of the PMMA grades as a function of strain rate and temperature, and the effect of dissolved CO₂ is accounted for by a shift in the glass transition temperature of the PMMA. The maximum achievable porosity is interpreted in terms of cell wall tearing and comparisons are made between the predictions of the model and nanofoaming measurements; it is deduced that the failure strain of the cell walls is sensitive to cell wall thickness.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2019.0339
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/296965
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