Quantifying Photon Recycling in Solar Cells and Light-Emitting Diodes: Absorption and Emission Are Always Key.
Photon recycling has received increased attention in recent years following its observation in halide perovskites. It has been shown to lower the effective bimolecular recombination rate and thus increase excitation densities within a material. Here we introduce a general framework to quantify photon recycling which can be applied to any material. We apply our model to idealized solar cells and light-emitting diodes based on halide perovskites. By varying controllable parameters which affect photon recycling, namely, thickness, charge trapping rate, nonideal transmission at interfaces, and absorptance, we quantify the effect of each on photon recycling. In both device types, we demonstrate that maximizing absorption and emission processes remains paramount for optimizing devices, even if this is at the expense of photon recycling. Our results provide new insight into quantifying photon recycling in optoelectronic devices and demonstrate that photon recycling cannot always be seen as a beneficial process.
Online Publication Date
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/R023980/1)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Marie Sk?odowska-Curie actions (841386)
European Research Council (756962)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/S030638/1)