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dc.contributor.authorBlackwell, Anna KMen
dc.contributor.authorKosīte, Dainaen
dc.contributor.authorMarteau, Theresaen
dc.contributor.authorMunafò, Marcus Ren
dc.description.abstractINTRODUCTION: There is an absence of evidence regarding the impact of treating tobacco smoking and vaping equivalently in workplace policies. We aimed to describe and compare smoking and vaping policies in acute nonspecialist NHS Trusts (n = 131) and Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) (n = 131) in England. METHODS: We conducted a census of smoking and vaping policies through organizational websites searches and direct requests for information. We recorded whether and where smoking and vaping were permitted. RESULTS: Smoking was prohibited indoors in all organizations. No NHS Trust permitted smoking freely outdoors, in contrast with 60% of HEIs. In 27% of NHS Trusts and 33% of HEIs smoking was permitted in designated areas, while in 73% of NHS Trusts and 8% of HEIs smoking was prohibited anywhere on site. Vaping was prohibited indoors in all NHS Trusts and all but one HEI, but permitted freely outdoors in 18% of NHS Trusts and 75% of HEIs. Vaping was permitted in designated outdoor spaces in 23% of NHS Trusts: 21% had areas shared with smokers; 2% had separate vaping areas. Vaping was permitted in designated outdoor areas in 18% of HEIs, all of which were shared with smokers. Vaping was prohibited anywhere on site in 54% of NHS Trusts and 6% of HEIs. CONCLUSIONS: Policies vary considerably in whether vaping and smoking are treated equivalently. Smoking policies in most HEIs should be reviewed to include more effective tobacco control approaches. Evidence is needed on the impact of imposing shared or separate spaces on vapers and smokers. IMPLICATIONS: This report provides a comprehensive review of smoking and vaping policies in two types of organization across England. It highlights key discrepancies between current public health recommendations for vaping and existing workplace policies, which often lead to smokers and vapers sharing spaces. The report identifies the need for evidence on the impact of imposing shared spaces on smokers and vapers to inform workplace policies that maximize public health benefit.
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.titlePolicies for Tobacco and E-Cigarette Use: A Survey of All Higher Education Institutions and NHS Trusts in England.en
prism.publicationNameNicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobaccoen
dc.contributor.orcidBlackwell, Anna KM [0000-0002-4984-1818]
dc.contributor.orcidMarteau, Theresa [0000-0003-3025-1129]
dc.contributor.orcidMunafò, Marcus R [0000-0002-4049-993X]
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idWellcome Trust (206853/Z/17/Z)

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International