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dc.contributor.authorO'Brien, Katie
dc.contributor.authorMcNally, Ben D
dc.contributor.authorSowton, Alice P
dc.contributor.authorMurgia, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorArmitage, James
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Luke W
dc.contributor.authorKrause, Fynn N
dc.contributor.authorMaddalena, Lucas A
dc.contributor.authorFrancis, Ian
dc.contributor.authorKavanagh, Stefan
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Dominic P
dc.contributor.authorAshcroft, Margaret
dc.contributor.authorGriffin, Julian L
dc.contributor.authorLyon, Jonathan J
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Andrew
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-17T00:30:49Z
dc.date.available2021-11-17T00:30:49Z
dc.date.issued2021-12-15
dc.identifier.issn1741-7007
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/330695
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Tissue hypoxia is a key feature of several endemic hepatic diseases, including alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and organ failure. Hypoxia imposes a severe metabolic challenge on the liver, potentially disrupting its capacity to carry out essential functions including fuel storage and the integration of lipid metabolism at the whole-body level. Mitochondrial respiratory function is understood to be critical in mediating the hepatic hypoxic response, yet the time-dependent nature of this response and the role of the respiratory chain in this remain unclear. RESULTS: Here, we report that hepatic respiratory capacity is enhanced following short-term exposure to hypoxia (2 days, 10% O2) and is associated with increased abundance of the respiratory chain supercomplex III2+IV and increased cardiolipin levels. Suppression of this enhanced respiratory capacity, achieved via mild inhibition of mitochondrial complex III, disrupted metabolic homeostasis. Hypoxic exposure for 2 days led to accumulation of plasma and hepatic long chain acyl-carnitines. This was observed alongside depletion of hepatic triacylglycerol species with total chain lengths of 39-53 carbons, containing palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic, and oleic acids, which are associated with de novo lipogenesis. The changes to hepatic respiratory capacity and lipid metabolism following 2 days hypoxic exposure were transient, becoming resolved after 14 days in line with systemic acclimation to hypoxia and elevated circulating haemoglobin concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: The liver maintains metabolic homeostasis in response to shorter term hypoxic exposure through transient enhancement of respiratory chain capacity and alterations to lipid metabolism. These findings may have implications in understanding and treating hepatic pathologies associated with hypoxia.
dc.description.sponsorshipGlaxoSmithKline
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.rightsAll rights reserved
dc.rights.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
dc.titleEnhanced hepatic respiratory capacity and altered lipid metabolism support metabolic homeostasis during short-term hypoxic stress.
dc.typeArticle
prism.publicationNameBMC Biol
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.78140
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-11-12
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1186/s12915-021-01192-0
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2021-11-12
dc.contributor.orcidO'Brien, Katie [0000-0002-0189-1971]
dc.contributor.orcidAshcroft, Margaret [0000-0002-0066-3707]
dc.contributor.orcidMurray, Andrew [0000-0002-0929-9315]
dc.identifier.eissn1741-7007
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idBritish Heart Foundation (FS/17/61/33473D)
cam.issuedOnline2021-12-15
datacite.issupplementedby.urlhttps://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.75680
cam.orpheus.successTue Feb 01 19:02:15 GMT 2022 - Embargo updated*
cam.orpheus.counter1
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2021-12-15


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