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dc.contributor.authorDeng, Wei
dc.contributor.authorSun, Yajun
dc.contributor.authorYao, Xiaoxue
dc.contributor.authorSubramanian, Karpagam
dc.contributor.authorLing, Chen
dc.contributor.authorWang, Hongbo
dc.contributor.authorChopra, Shauhrat S
dc.contributor.authorXu, Ben Bin
dc.contributor.authorWang, Jie-Xin
dc.contributor.authorChen, Jian-Feng
dc.contributor.authorWang, Dan
dc.contributor.authorAmancio, Honeyfer
dc.contributor.authorPramana, Stevin
dc.contributor.authorYe, Ruquan
dc.contributor.authorWang, Steven
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-15T10:07:57Z
dc.date.available2021-12-15T10:07:57Z
dc.date.issued2022-01
dc.date.submitted2021-05-24
dc.identifier.issn2198-3844
dc.identifier.otheradvs2977
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/331433
dc.description.abstractSustainable solutions on fabricating and using a face mask to block the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spread during this coronavirus pandemic of 2019 (COVID-19) are required as society is directed by the World Health Organization (WHO) toward wearing it, resulting in an increasingly huge demand with over 4 000 000 000 masks used per day globally. Herein, various new mask technologies and advanced materials are reviewed to deal with critical shortages, cross-infection, and secondary transmission risk of masks. A number of countries have used cloth masks and 3D-printed masks as substitutes, whose filtration efficiencies can be improved by using nanofibers or mixing other polymers into them. Since 2020, researchers continue to improve the performance of masks by adding various functionalities, for example using metal nanoparticles and herbal extracts to inactivate pathogens, using graphene to make masks photothermal and superhydrophobic, and using triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) to prolong mask lifetime. The recent advances in material technology have led to the development of antimicrobial coatings, which are introduced in this review. When incorporated into masks, these advanced materials and technologies can aid in the prevention of secondary transmission of the virus.
dc.languageen
dc.publisherWiley
dc.subjectReview
dc.subjectReviews
dc.subjectantimicrobial materials
dc.subjectCOVID‐19
dc.subjectgraphene
dc.subjectphotothermal
dc.subjectSARS‐CoV‐2
dc.subjectsubstitutes
dc.subjectsuperhydrophobic
dc.subjecttriboelectric nanogenerators
dc.titleMasks for COVID-19.
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2021-12-15T10:07:56Z
prism.publicationNameAdv Sci (Weinh)
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.78887
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1002/advs.202102189
rioxxterms.versionAO
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidWang, Steven [0000-0001-9192-349X]
dc.identifier.eissn2198-3844
cam.issuedOnline2021-11-26


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