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dc.contributor.authorHo, Minh
dc.contributor.authorThompson, Brian
dc.contributor.authorFisk, Jeffrey Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorNebert, Daniel W
dc.contributor.authorBruford, Elspeth
dc.contributor.authorVasiliou, Vasilis
dc.contributor.authorBunick, Christopher G
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-10T12:49:02Z
dc.date.available2022-01-10T12:49:02Z
dc.date.issued2022-01-06
dc.date.submitted2021-11-05
dc.identifier.issn1473-9542
dc.identifier.others40246-021-00374-9
dc.identifier.other374
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/332534
dc.description.abstractIntermediate filament (IntFil) genes arose during early metazoan evolution, to provide mechanical support for plasma membranes contacting/interacting with other cells and the extracellular matrix. Keratin genes comprise the largest subset of IntFil genes. Whereas the first keratin gene appeared in sponge, and three genes in arthropods, more rapid increases in keratin genes occurred in lungfish and amphibian genomes, concomitant with land animal-sea animal divergence (~ 440 to 410 million years ago). Human, mouse and zebrafish genomes contain 18, 17 and 24 non-keratin IntFil genes, respectively. Human has 27 of 28 type I "acidic" keratin genes clustered at chromosome (Chr) 17q21.2, and all 26 type II "basic" keratin genes clustered at Chr 12q13.13. Mouse has 27 of 28 type I keratin genes clustered on Chr 11, and all 26 type II clustered on Chr 15. Zebrafish has 18 type I keratin genes scattered on five chromosomes, and 3 type II keratin genes on two chromosomes. Types I and II keratin clusters-reflecting evolutionary blooms of keratin genes along one chromosomal segment-are found in all land animal genomes examined, but not fishes; such rapid gene expansions likely reflect sudden requirements for many novel paralogous proteins having divergent functions to enhance species survival following sea-to-land transition. Using data from the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) project, tissue-specific keratin expression throughout the human body was reconstructed. Clustering of gene expression patterns revealed similarities in tissue-specific expression patterns for previously described "keratin pairs" (i.e., KRT1/KRT10, KRT8/KRT18, KRT5/KRT14, KRT6/KRT16 and KRT6/KRT17 proteins). The ClinVar database currently lists 26 human disease-causing variants within the various domains of keratin proteins.
dc.languageen
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.subjectGene Family Update
dc.subjectKeratin
dc.subjectIntermediate filament
dc.subjectEvolutionary blooms
dc.subjectGene expression
dc.subjectGene duplications
dc.subjectSynteny
dc.subjectMarkov-chain Monte Carlo (MCMC)
dc.subjectMrBayes program to estimate phylogeny
dc.titleUpdate of the keratin gene family: evolution, tissue-specific expression patterns, and relevance to clinical disorders.
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-01-10T12:49:01Z
prism.issueIdentifier1
prism.publicationNameHum Genomics
prism.volume16
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.79984
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-12-17
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1186/s40246-021-00374-9
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidBruford, Elspeth [0000-0002-8380-5247]
dc.contributor.orcidBunick, Christopher G [0000-0002-4011-8308]
dc.identifier.eissn1479-7364
pubs.funder-project-idNational Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (K08 AR070290, R03 AR076484, R01 AR079428)
pubs.funder-project-idNational Institutes of Health (R01 EY017963)
pubs.funder-project-idNational Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (TL1 TR001864)
pubs.funder-project-idNational Eye Institute (EY022313)
pubs.funder-project-idNational Human Genome Research Institute (U24 HG003345)
pubs.funder-project-idWellcome Trust (UK 208349/Z/17/Z)
pubs.funder-project-idNational Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (P30 ES006096)
cam.issuedOnline2022-01-06


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