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dc.contributor.authorHeath, Laura
dc.contributor.authorJebb, Susan
dc.contributor.authorStevens, Richard
dc.contributor.authorWheeler, Graham
dc.contributor.authorAhern, Amy
dc.contributor.authorBoyland, Emma
dc.contributor.authorHalford, Jason
dc.contributor.authorAveyard, Paul
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-07T02:04:37Z
dc.date.available2022-03-07T02:04:37Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.otherPMC8812921
dc.identifier.other35113940
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/334720
dc.descriptionFunder: national institute for health research
dc.descriptionFunder: nihr oxford biomedical research centre
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the impact of a group-based weight management programme on symptoms of depression and anxiety compared with self-help in a randomised controlled trial (RCT). METHOD: People with overweight (Body Mass Index [BMI]≥28kg/m2) were randomly allocated self-help (n = 211) or a group-based weight management programme for 12 weeks (n = 528) or 52 weeks (n = 528) between 18/10/2012 and 10/02/2014. Symptoms were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, at baseline, 3, 12 and 24 months. Linear regression modelling examined changes in Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale between trial arms. RESULTS: At 3 months, there was a -0.6 point difference (95% confidence interval [CI], -1.1, -0.1) in depression score and -0.1 difference (95% CI, -0.7, 0.4) in anxiety score between group-based weight management programme and self-help. At subsequent time points there was no consistent evidence of a difference in depression or anxiety scores between trial arms. There was no evidence that depression or anxiety worsened at any time point. CONCLUSIONS: There was no evidence of harm to depression or anxiety symptoms as a result of attending a group-based weight loss programme. There was a transient reduction in symptoms of depression, but not anxiety, compared to self-help. This effect equates to less than 1 point out of 21 on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and is not clinically significant.
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourcenlmid: 101285081
dc.sourceessn: 1932-6203
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectWeight Loss
dc.subjectCase-Control Studies
dc.subjectDepression
dc.subjectAnxiety Disorders
dc.subjectQuality-Adjusted Life Years
dc.subjectQuality of Life
dc.subjectMiddle Aged
dc.subjectCost-Benefit Analysis
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectWeight Reduction Programs
dc.subjectUnited Kingdom
dc.subjectSelf-Management
dc.titleEffects of a group-based weight management programme on anxiety and depression: A randomised controlled trial (RCT).
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-03-07T02:04:36Z
prism.issueIdentifier2
prism.publicationNamePLoS One
prism.volume17
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.82138
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-01-09
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1371/journal.pone.0263228
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidHeath, Laura [0000-0002-1628-1981]
dc.contributor.orcidStevens, Richard [0000-0002-9258-4060]
dc.contributor.orcidAhern, Amy [0000-0001-5069-4758]
dc.contributor.orcidHalford, Jason [0000-0003-1629-3189]
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203
pubs.funder-project-idMRC (unknown)
pubs.funder-project-idMRC (MC_UU_00006/6)
cam.issuedOnline2022-02-03


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International