Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorLaming, Donald
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-11T19:00:13Z
dc.date.available2022-03-11T19:00:13Z
dc.date.issued2022-04
dc.date.submitted2021-02-08
dc.identifier.issn1747-0218
dc.identifier.other10.1177_17470218211047862
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/334901
dc.descriptionFunder: J. Walter Thompson Co.
dc.description.abstractThirty-three participants viewed 1,000 pictures for 6 s each. Recognition was tested after 10 different intervals of time by mixing 100 of the original 1,000 with 100 new pictures. Participants judged each test picture "Old" or "New" on a 6-point scale. The unequal-variance recognition model is reinterpreted to estimate the probability of retrieval of an original (1,000) picture after each lapse of time. A second model then relates those different estimates of accessibility to the lapse of time, taking into account the interference on each test from pictures presented in preceding tests. Studies of category judgement explain (a) why the model distributions are normal, (b) why the operating characteristics are asymmetric, (c) why they are curvilinear, and (d) why the asymmetry decreases with lapse of time, this to justify a particular estimate of accessibility (probability of retrieval). Nine candidate functions are shown to the accessibilities. The underlying relation is a power law, but the exponent is poorly determined by the data (-1.5, -0.5), as also is the offset from the temporal origin. Comparisons with previous work identify two different relationships with respect to lapse of time: The retrieval of a unique image shows an approximately reciprocal loss, whereas a decrease in the amount of material reproduced by recall, recognition, or other method is approximately logarithmic. The present experiment exhibits both relationships, depending on whether specific account is taken of the effects of interference or, alternatively, interference is entirely ignored.
dc.languageen
dc.publisherSAGE Publications
dc.subjectOriginal Articles
dc.subjectForgetting
dc.subjectinterference
dc.subjectJost’s law
dc.subjectrecognition memory
dc.subjectunequal variance/dual-process controversy
dc.titleForgetting tracked by recognition of pictures.
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-03-11T19:00:13Z
prism.endingPage694
prism.issueIdentifier4
prism.publicationNameQ J Exp Psychol (Hove)
prism.startingPage680
prism.volume75
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.82339
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-07-09
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1177/17470218211047862
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2021-10-04
dc.contributor.orcidLaming, Donald [0000-0002-6260-2846]
dc.identifier.eissn1747-0226
cam.issuedOnline2021-10-04
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2021-10-04
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2021-10-04


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record