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dc.contributor.authorEltholth, Mahmoud
dc.contributor.authorGovindaraj, Gurrappanaidu
dc.contributor.authorDas, Banani
dc.contributor.authorShanabhoga, MB
dc.contributor.authorSwamy, HM
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Abin
dc.contributor.authorCole, Jennifer
dc.contributor.authorShome, Bibek R
dc.contributor.authorHolmes, Mark A
dc.contributor.authorMoran, Dominic
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-10T12:00:09Z
dc.date.available2022-05-10T12:00:09Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.date.submitted2022-01-28
dc.identifier.issn2297-1769
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/336971
dc.description.abstractThis study investigates factors influencing veterinarians' antibiotic prescribing behaviors and their understanding of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The study used a telephone survey of 50 veterinarians conducted in five districts in Assam state, India. The survey sought information on the most prevalent animal diseases, veterinarians' awareness of potential preventive measures, including factors determining antimicrobial prescribing; the types of antimicrobials used for different health conditions in different species, and possible options to reduce antimicrobial use (AMU). The majority (86%) of respondents worked for the government, 98% reported having no written policy for the use of veterinary health products, and 58% have no on-site diagnostic facilities. Ceftriaxone, Enrofloxacin, and Oxytetracycline were the antibiotics (ABX) most frequently prescribed, by 76, 68, and 54% of veterinarians, respectively. These ABX were prescribed mainly for respiratory health problems and mastitis in cattle, and gastrointestinal infections in buffaloes, sheep, goat, and pigs. Severity of clinical symptoms, economic status of the livestock owner, and withdrawal period for ABX were ranked as very important factors for giving ABX. Less than two thirds (64%) were aware of the government ban for Colistin and only 2% were aware of a national plan for AMR. This study highlighted that ABX prescription is mostly based on tentative diagnosis given the lack of diagnostic facilities in most veterinary clinics. There is a need to enhance veterinary healthcare and to improve communication between policy makers and field veterinarians and, importantly, a need to disseminate clear prescribing guidelines on prudent AMU.
dc.languageen
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SA
dc.subjectVeterinary Science
dc.subjectantibiotics
dc.subjectantimicrobial resistance
dc.subjectlivestock
dc.subjectveterinarians
dc.subjectprescribing
dc.subjectbehavior
dc.titleFactors Influencing Antibiotic Prescribing Behavior and Understanding of Antimicrobial Resistance Among Veterinarians in Assam, India.
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-05-10T12:00:09Z
prism.publicationNameFront Vet Sci
prism.volume9
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.84395
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-03-22
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.3389/fvets.2022.864813
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.identifier.eissn2297-1769
cam.issuedOnline2022-04-26


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