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dc.contributor.authorAnouti, Fatme Al
dc.contributor.authorAhmed, Luai A
dc.contributor.authorRiaz, Azmat
dc.contributor.authorGrant, William B
dc.contributor.authorShah, Nadir
dc.contributor.authorAli, Raghib
dc.contributor.authorAlkaabi, Juma
dc.contributor.authorShah, Syed M
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-12T23:30:56Z
dc.date.available2022-05-12T23:30:56Z
dc.date.issued2022-03-03
dc.identifier.issn2072-6643
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/337112
dc.description.abstractVitamin D is important for bone health, and vitamin D deficiency could be linked to noncommunicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its associated risk factors among female migrants from Philippines, Arab, and South Asian countries residing in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). We used a cross-sectional study to recruit a random sample (N = 550) of female migrants aged 18 years and over in the city of Al Ain, UAE. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations ≤20 ng/mL (50 nmol/L). We used multivariable logistic regression analysis to identify risk factors associated with vitamin D deficiency. The mean age of participants was 35 years (SD ± 10). The overall prevalence rate of vitamin D deficiency was 67% (95% CI 60-73%), with the highest rate seen in Arabs (87%), followed by South Asians (83%) and the lowest in Filipinas (15%). Multivariate analyses showed that low physical activity (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 4.59; 95% CI 1.98, 10.63), having more than 5 years duration of residence in the UAE (aOR = 4.65; 95% CI: 1.31, 16.53) and being obese (aOR = 3.56; 95% CI 1.04, 12.20) were independently associated with vitamin D deficiency, after controlling for age and nationality. In summary, vitamin D deficiency was highly prevalent among female migrants, especially Arabs and South Asians. It is crucial that health professionals in the UAE become aware of this situation among this vulnerable subpopulation and provide intervention strategies aiming to rectify vitamin D deficiency by focusing more on sun exposure, physical activity, and supplementation.
dc.format.mediumElectronic
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectUnited Arab Emirates
dc.subjectfemale migrants
dc.subjectprevalence
dc.subjectvitamin D status
dc.subjectAdolescent
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectCross-Sectional Studies
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectTransients and Migrants
dc.subjectUnited Arab Emirates
dc.subjectVitamin D Deficiency
dc.subjectVitamins
dc.titleVitamin D Deficiency and Its Associated Factors among Female Migrants in the United Arab Emirates.
dc.typeArticle
dc.publisher.departmentMrc Epidemiology Unit
dc.date.updated2022-05-12T09:51:14Z
prism.endingPage1074
prism.issueIdentifier5
prism.publicationDate2022
prism.publicationNameNutrients
prism.startingPage1074
prism.volume14
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.84531
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-02-22
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.3390/nu14051074
rioxxterms.versionVoR
dc.contributor.orcidAnouti, Fatme Al [0000-0002-1993-6656]
dc.contributor.orcidAhmed, Luai A [0000-0001-5292-8212]
dc.contributor.orcidRiaz, Azmat [0000-0002-4715-5398]
dc.contributor.orcidGrant, William B [0000-0002-1439-3285]
dc.contributor.orcidAlkaabi, Juma [0000-0003-2477-0408]
dc.contributor.orcidShah, Syed M [0000-0002-0956-465X]
dc.identifier.eissn2072-6643
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.issuedOnline2022-03-03
cam.depositDate2022-05-12
pubs.licence-identifierapollo-deposit-licence-2-1
pubs.licence-display-nameApollo Repository Deposit Licence Agreement


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International