The effects of inhibition and siRNA knockdown of collagen-binding integrins on human umbilical vein endothelial cell migration and tube formation


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Authors
Hamaia, Samir W 
Kim, Peter S-K 
Malcor, Jean-Daniel M 
Farndale, Richard W  ORCID logo  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6130-8808
Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pBlood vessels in the body are lined with endothelial cells which have vital roles in numerous physiological and pathological processes. Collagens are major constituents of the extracellular matrix, and many adherent cells express several collagen-binding adhesion receptors. Here, we study the endothelium–collagen interactions mediated by the collagen-binding integrins, α1β1, α2β1, α10β1 and α11β1 expressed in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Using qPCR, we found expression of the α10 transcript of the chondrocyte integrin, α10β1, along with the more abundant α2, and low-level expression of α1. The α11 transcript was not detected. Inhibition or siRNA knockdown of the α2-subunit resulted in impaired HUVEC adhesion, spreading and migration on collagen-coated surfaces, whereas inhibition or siRNA knockdown of α1 had no effect on these processes. In tube formation assays, inhibition of either α1 or α2 subunits impaired the network complexity, whereas siRNA knockdown of these integrins had no such effect. Knockdown of α10 had no effect on cell spreading, migration or tube formation in these conditions. Overall, our results indicate that the collagen-binding integrins, α1β1 and α2β1 play a central role in endothelial cell motility and self-organisation.</jats:p>

Description
Keywords
Article, /631/80/84, /631/80, /631/80/79, /631/80/79/750, /631/80/79/1236, /692/4019/592/16, article
Journal Title
Scientific Reports
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
2045-2322
Volume Title
Publisher
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Sponsorship
British Heart Foundation (FS/15/20/31335, SP/15/7/31561)