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Pressure sensing through Piezo channels controls whether cells migrate with blebs or pseudopods.

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Traynor, David 
Piel, Matthieu 
Kabla, Alexandre J 


Blebs and pseudopods can both power cell migration, with blebs often favored in tissues, where cells encounter increased mechanical resistance. To investigate how migrating cells detect and respond to mechanical forces, we used a "cell squasher" to apply uniaxial pressure to Dictyostelium cells chemotaxing under soft agarose. As little as 100 Pa causes a rapid (<10 s), sustained shift to movement with blebs rather than pseudopods. Cells are flattened under load and lose volume; the actin cytoskeleton is reorganized, with myosin II recruited to the cortex, which may pressurize the cytoplasm for blebbing. The transition to bleb-driven motility requires extracellular calcium and is accompanied by increased cytosolic calcium. It is largely abrogated in cells lacking the Piezo stretch-operated channel; under load, these cells persist in using pseudopods and chemotax poorly. We propose that migrating cells sense pressure through Piezo, which mediates calcium influx, directing movement with blebs instead of pseudopods.



Dictyostelium, Piezo, blebbing, cell migration, chemotaxis, Biomechanical Phenomena, Cell Movement, Cytoplasm, Dictyostelium, Ion Channels, Mechanotransduction, Cellular, Myosin Type II, Pressure, Protozoan Proteins, Pseudopodia

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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/K018175/1)
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/P003184/1)