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Reenchanting the Enlightenment

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Peer-reviewed

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Type

Article

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Authors

Spary, Emma C 

Abstract

jats:pIn light of research which, since the publication of Rousseau and Porter’s Ferment of Knowledge, has demonstrated the continued centrality of magic and the occult to what may be termed “scientific knowledge” in the early modern period, this essay argues that one domain of practice where these concerns remained paramount well into the eighteenth century is the consumption of recipes. Whether exchanged between individuals or collected in print format, these mobile informational media relied on forms of proof under­pinned by personal experience and collective accreditation, with an inductive and empirical focus that was distinct from Cartesian deduction. Because the culture of recipe exchange was so widespread, encompassing scholars, savants and lay readers, secrets offered ways to challenge strict mechanistic interpretations in favour of a view of the natural world as informed by unseen active powers, particularly where the virtues of materials such as magnets or medicinal simples were concerned. Using private library catalogues of book owners, a commonplace book and a scientific periodical produced in France during the decades after 1700, the article traces the way secrets culture continued to foster an epistemological space in which mechanical explanations evidently fell short of accounting for quotidian experience.</jats:p>

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Keywords

47 Language, Communication and Culture, 4303 Historical Studies, 43 History, Heritage and Archaeology

Journal Title

Journal of Early Modern Studies

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2285-6382

Volume Title

Publisher

Philosophy Documentation Center
Sponsorship
Gerda Henkel Foundation (AZ 28/V/20)
Leverhulme Trust (RPG-2014-289)