Repository logo

Mathematics of biomedical imaging today—a perspective

Published version

Repository DOI

Change log


Betcke, MM 


jats:titleAbstract</jats:title> jats:pBiomedical imaging is a fascinating, rich and dynamic research area, which has huge importance in biomedical research and clinical practice alike. The key technology behind the processing, and automated analysis and quantification of imaging data is mathematics. Starting with the optimisation of the image acquisition and the reconstruction of an image from indirect tomographic measurement data, all the way to the automated segmentation of tumours in medical images and the design of optimal treatment plans based on image biomarkers, mathematics appears in all of these in different flavours. Non-smooth optimisation in the context of sparsity-promoting image priors, partial differential equations for image registration and motion estimation, and deep neural networks for image segmentation, to name just a few. In this article, we present and review mathematical topics that arise within the whole biomedical imaging pipeline, from tomographic measurements to clinical support tools, and highlight some modern topics and open problems. The article is addressed to both biomedical researchers who want to get a taste of where mathematics arises in biomedical imaging as well as mathematicians who are interested in what mathematical challenges biomedical imaging research entails.</jats:p>



imaging, biomedicine, mathematics

Is Part Of


IOP Publishing
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/N014588/1)
EPSRC (EP/S026045/1)
EPSRC (EP/T003553/1)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Marie Sk?odowska-Curie actions (777826)
EPSRC (EP/T017961/1)
EPSRC (EP/V029428/1)