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Optimisation of chaotically perturbed acoustic limit cycles

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Huhn, F 


In an acoustic cavity with a heat source, the thermal energy of the heat source can be converted into acoustic energy, which may generate a loud oscillation. If uncontrolled, these acoustic oscillations, also known as thermoacoustic instabilities, can cause mechanical vibrations, fatigue and structural failure. The objective of manufacturers is to design stable thermoacoustic configurations. In this paper, we propose a method to optimise a chaotically perturbed limit cycle in the bistable region of a subcritical bifurcation.
In this situation, traditional stability and sensitivity methods, such as eigenvalue and Floquet analysis, break down. First, we propose covariant Lyapunov analysis and shadowing methods as tools to calculate the stability and sensitivity of chaotically perturbed acoustic limit cycles. Second, covariant Lyapunov vector analysis is applied to an acoustic system with a heat source. The acoustic velocity at the heat source is chaotically perturbed to qualitatively mimic the effect of the turbulent hydrodynamic field. It is shown that the tangent space of the acoustic attractor is hyperbolic, which has a practical implication: the sensitivities of time--averaged cost functionals exist and can be robustly calculated by a shadowing method. Third, we calculate the sensitivities of the time--averaged acoustic energy and Rayleigh index to small changes to the heat--source intensity and time delay. By embedding the sensitivities into a gradient--update routine, we suppress an existing chaotic acoustic oscillation by optimal design of the heat source. The analysis and methods proposed enable the reduction of chaotic oscillations in thermoacoustic systems by optimal passive control. Because the theoretical framework is general, the techniques presented can be used in other unsteady deterministic multi-physics problems with virtually no modification.



Acoustics, Thermoacoustics, Optimization of chaotic systems, Time delayed models, Shadowing methods

Journal Title

Nonlinear Dynamics

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Springer Science and Business Media LLC


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Royal Academy of Engineering (RAEng)