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Rational Design of Covalent Multiheme Cytochrome-Carbon Dot Biohybrids for Photoinduced Electron Transfer

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jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pBiohybrid systems can combine inorganic light‐harvesting materials and whole‐cell biocatalysts to utilize solar energy for the production of chemicals and fuels. Whole‐cell biocatalysts have an intrinsic self‐repair ability and are able to produce a wide variety of multicarbon chemicals in a sustainable way with metabolic engineering. Current whole‐cell biohybrid systems have a yet undefined electron transfer pathway between the light‐absorber and metabolic enzymes, limiting rational design. To enable engineering of efficient electron transfer pathways, covalent biohybrids consisting of graphitic nitrogen doped carbon dots (g‐N‐CDs) and the outer‐membrane decaheme protein, MtrC from jats:italicShewanella oneidensis</jats:italic> MR‐1 are developed. MtrC is a subunit of the MtrCAB protein complex, which provides a direct conduit for bidirectional electron exchange across the bacterial outer membrane. The g‐N‐CDs are functionalized with a maleimide moiety by either carbodiimide chemistry or acyl chloride activation and coupled to a surface‐exposed cysteine of a Y657C MtrC mutant. MtrC∼g‐N‐CD biohybrids are characterized by native and denaturing gel electrophoresis, chromatography, microscopy, and fluorescence lifetime spectroscopy. In the presence of a sacrificial electron donor, visible light irradiation of the MtrC∼g‐N‐CD biohybrids results in reduced MtrC. The biohybrids may find application in photoinduced transmembrane electron transfer in jats:italicS. oneidensis</jats:italic> MR‐1 for chemical synthesis in the future.</jats:p>



biohybrids, covalent protein labeling, nanoparticles, semiartificial photosynthesis, solar fuels

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Advanced Functional Materials

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European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Marie Sk?odowska-Curie actions (890745)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/P030467/1)
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/S00159X/1)
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