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Improvement of corner separation prediction using an explicit non-linear rans closure

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Sun, W 
Xu, L 


jats:pIn this paper, an investigation into the effect of explicit non-linear turbulence modelling on anisotropic turbulence flows is presented. Such anisotropic turbulence flows are typified in the corner separations in turbomachinery. The commonly used Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) turbulence closures, in which the Reynolds stress tensor is modelled by the Boussinesq (linear) constitutive relation with the mean strain-rate tensor, often struggle to predict corner separation with reasonable accuracy. The physical reason for this modelling deficiency is partially attributable to the Boussinesq hypothesis which does not count for the turbulence anisotropy, whilst in a corner separation, the flow is subject to three-dimensional (3D) shear and the effects due to turbulence anisotropy may not be ignored. In light of this, an explicit non-linear Reynolds stress-strain constitutive relation developed by Menter et al. is adopted as a modification of the Reynolds-stress anisotropy. Coupled with the Menter’s hybrid "k-ω" ⁄"k-ε" turbulence model, this non-linear constitutive relation gives significantly improved predictions for the corner separation flows within a compressor cascade, at both the design and off-design flow conditions. The mean vorticity field are studied to further investigate the physical reasons for these improvements, highlighting its potential for the widespread applications in the corner separation prediction.</jats:p>



axial compressors, turbulence modelling, corner separation, CFD

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Journal of the Global Power and Propulsion Society

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Global Power and Propulsion Society