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Treatment of cardiometabolic risk factors in patients with Type 1 diabetes

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Marcovecchio, Maria Loredana 
Niechciał, Elżbieta 


Purpose of review: Individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have excess cardiovascular risk and reduced life expectancy. Adolescence is the time when the first signs of vascular complications appear and a critical window for interventions. This article reviews recent evidence on cardiometabolic risk factors and their management in youth with T1D. Recent findings: Adolescents with T1D show early signs of vascular complications, as a result of several cardiometabolic risk factors. Poor glycemic control is one of the main risk factors and the main target of treatment. However, only a minority of adolescents with T1D reaches recommended targets for glycemic control. Hypertension, dyslipidemia, smoking, alcohol use, obesity and insulin resistance are other common cardiometabolic risk factors in this age group. Recent data confirm that screening for these risk factors is suboptimal and use of pharmacological interventions for hypertension and dyslipidemia remains low. Data on adjunctive non-insulin agents to improve glycemic control and other cardiometabolic risk factors are still lacking in this age group. Summary: Vascular complications and the associated mortality remain a major issue for youth with T1D. Better screening strategies for cardiometabolic risk factors and interventions are required to improve the longterm prognosis of youth with T1D.



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Current Opinion in Pediatrics

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Wolters Kluwer Health


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