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Influence of particle size, cycling rate and temperature on the lithiation process of anatase TiO2

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Liu, H 
Grey, CP 


A continuous structural change during the (de)lithiation of lithium-ion battery material, anatase TiO2, which undergoes a crystal symmetry change, was not found even at high rates.



40 Engineering, 4016 Materials Engineering, 34 Chemical Sciences, 3406 Physical Chemistry, 7 Affordable and Clean Energy

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Journal of Materials Chemistry A

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Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
European Commission (265368)
This research used resources of the Advanced Photon Source, a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility operated for the DOE Office of Science by Argonne National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. This work was supported by funding from European Union FP7- 265368 via the Eurolion Project and the Cambridge Overseas Trust (materials preparation, XRD), and as part of the NorthEast Center for Chemical Energy Storage (NECCES), an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences under Awards DE-SC0012583 (data analysis). We thank Dr Tao Liu for help with the SEM, Dr Simon Clarke and Dr Michael Carpenter for their helpful comments and discussions, and Dr Kamila Wiaderek, Dr Olaf Borkiewicz, Dr Karena Chapman and Dr Peter Chupas for their help with the setup for XRD measurement.