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Cognitive flexibility training for impact in real-world settings

Accepted version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

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Abstract

Interacting with complex and dynamic environments challenges the brain’s ability to adapt to change. This key ability known as cognitive flexibility involves learning the structure of the environment, switching attention between features, dimensions and tasks, and adopting new rules in the face of uncertainty. Training cognitive flexibility has strong potential to improve adaptive behavior across the lifespan with impact in real-world settings (e.g. educational, clinical). Here, we review evidence on the role of cognitive training in improving executive functions and the factors that may enhance the effectiveness of training programs. We propose that personalized and adaptive training programs that focus on the multifaceted abilities comprising cognitive flexibility are key for promoting adaptive behavior and lifelong learning in real-world settings.

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Keywords

Journal Title

Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2352-1546
2352-1554

Volume Title

Publisher

Elsevier

Publisher DOI

Publisher URL

Sponsorship
Wellcome Trust (205067/Z/16/Z)
National Research Foundation Singapore (via Cambridge Centre for Advanced Research and Education in Singapore (CARES)) (NRF-CLIC)
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/P021255/1)
Wellcome Trust (223131/Z/21/Z)