Collecting big data with small screens: Group tests of children's cognition with touchscreen tablets are reliable and valid.


Type
Article
Change log
Authors
Dalmaijer, Edwin S 
Anwyl-Irvine, Alexander 
Astle, Duncan E 
Abstract

Collecting experimental cognitive data with young children usually requires undertaking one-on-one assessments, which can be both expensive and time-consuming. In addition, there is increasing acknowledgement of the importance of collecting larger samples for improving statistical power Button et al. (Nature Reviews Neuroscience 14(5), 365-376, 2013), and reproducing exploratory findings Open Science Collaboration (Science, 349(6251), aac4716-aac4716 2015). One way both of these goals can be achieved more easily, even with a small team of researchers, is to utilize group testing. In this paper, we evaluate the results from a novel tablet application developed for the Resilience in Education and Development (RED) Study. The RED-app includes 12 cognitive tasks designed for groups of children aged 7 to 13 to independently complete during a 1-h school lesson. The quality of the data collected was high despite the lack of one-on-one engagement with participants. Most outcomes from the tablet showed moderate or high reliability, estimated using internal consistency metrics. Tablet-measured cognitive abilities also explained more than 50% of variance in teacher-rated academic achievement. Overall, the results suggest that tablet-based, group cognitive assessments of children are an efficient, reliable, and valid method of collecting the large datasets that modern psychology requires. We have open-sourced the scripts and materials used to make the application, so that they can be adapted and used by others.

Description
Keywords
Childhood, Cognition, Group testing, Reliability, Tablet, Validity, Big Data, Child, Child, Preschool, Cognition, Educational Status, Humans, Reproducibility of Results, Schools
Journal Title
Behav Res Methods
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
1554-351X
1554-3528
Volume Title
53
Publisher
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Sponsorship
Medical Research Council (MC_UU_00005/2)