Genomic Comparison of the Closely Related Salmonella enterica Serovars Enteritidis and Dublin.

Change log
Betancor, Laura 
Yim, Lucía 
Martínez, Arací 
Fookes, Maria 
Sasias, Sebastian 

The Enteritidis and Dublin serovars of Salmonella enterica are closely related, yet they differ significantly in pathogenicity and epidemiology. S. Enteritidis is a broad host range serovar that commonly causes gastroenteritis and infrequently causes invasive disease in humans. S. Dublin mainly colonizes cattle but upon infecting humans often results in invasive disease.To gain a broader view of the extent of these differences we conducted microarray-based comparative genomics between several field isolates from each serovar. Genome degradation has been correlated with host adaptation in Salmonella, thus we also compared at whole genome scale the available genomic sequences of them to evaluate pseudogene composition within each serovar.Microarray analysis revealed 3771 CDS shared by both serovars while 33 were only present in Enteritidis and 87 were exclusive to Dublin. Pseudogene evaluation showed 177 inactive CDS in S. Dublin which correspond to active genes in S. Enteritidis, nine of which are also inactive in the host adapted S. Gallinarum and S. Choleraesuis serovars. Sequencing of these 9 CDS in several S. Dublin clinical isolates revealed that they are pseudogenes in all of them, indicating that this feature is not peculiar to the sequenced strain. Among these CDS, shdA (Peyer´s patch colonization factor) and mglA (galactoside transport ATP binding protein), appear also to be inactive in the human adapted S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi A, suggesting that functionality of these genes may be relevant for the capacity of certain Salmonella serovars to infect a broad range of hosts.

Comparative genomics, Host specificity, Pseudogenes, S. Dublin, S. Enteritidis., Salmonella
Journal Title
Open Microbiology Journal
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Bentham Open
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/F007973/1)
Wellcome Trust (078168/Z/05/Z)
This work was jointly supported by a project grant from the Wellcome Trust (078168/Z/05/Z) and by the Central Research Committee (CSIC) of the Universidad de la República Uruguay.