The magnetorotational instability in debris-disc gas


Type
Article
Change log
Authors
Kral, Quentin 
Latter, Henrik 
Abstract

Debris discs are commonly swathed in gas, which can be observed in UV, in fine structure lines in FIR, and in resolved maps of CO emission. Carbon and oxygen are overabundant in such gas, but it is severely depleted in hydrogen. As a consequence, its ionization fraction is remarkably high, suggesting that magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) processes could be important. In particular, the gas may be subject to the magnetorotational instability (MRI), and indeed, recent modelling of β Pictoris requires an anomalous viscosity to explain the gas's observed radial structure. In this paper, we explore the possibility that the MRI is active in debris-disc gas and responsible for the observed mass transport. We find that non-ideal MHD and dust–gas interactions play a subdominant role, and that linear instability is viable at certain radii. However, owing to low gas densities, the outer parts of the disc could be stabilized by a weak ambient magnetic field, though it is difficult to constrain such a field. Even if the MRI is stabilized by too strong a field, a magnetocentrifugal wind may be launched in its place, and this could lead to equivalent (non-turbulent) transport. Numerical simulations of the vertically stratified MRI in conditions appropriate to the debris-disc gas should be able to determine the nature of the characteristic behaviour at different radii, and decide on the importance of the MRI (and MHD more generally) on the evolution of these discs.

Description
Keywords
instabilities, magnetic fields, MHD, turbulence, interplanetary medium, circumstellar matter
Journal Title
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
0035-8711
1365-2966
Volume Title
461
Publisher
Oxford University Press (OUP)
Sponsorship
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/L000636/1)
QK acknowledge support from the European Union through ERC grant number 279973. HNL is partially supported by STFC grant ST/L000636/1.