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Strain-tuned enhancement of ferromagnetic T$_{C}$ to 176 K in Sm-doped BiMnO$_{3}$ thin films and determination of magnetic phase diagram

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Choi, EM 
Kleibeuker, JE 
MacManus-Driscoll, JL 


BiMnO3 is a promising multiferroic material but it’s ferromagnetic TC is well below room temperature and the magnetic phase diagram is unknown. In this work, the relationship between magnetic transition temperature (TC) and the substrate induced (pseudo-) tetragonal distortion (ratio of out-of-plane to in-plane lattice parameters, c/a) in BiMnO3 thin films, lightly doped to optimize lattice dimensions, was determined. For c/a > 0.99, hidden antiferromagnetism was revealed and the magnetisation versus temperature curves showed a tail behaviour, whereas for c/a < 0.99 clear ferromagnetism was observed. A peak TC of up to 176 K, more than 70 K higher than for bulk BiMnO3, was achieved through precise strain tuning. The TC was maximised for strong tensile in-plane strain which produced weak octahedral rotations in the out-of-plane direction, an orthorhombic-like structure, and strong ferromagnetic coupling.



5108 Quantum Physics, 51 Physical Sciences, 5104 Condensed Matter Physics

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Scientific Reports

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Nature Publishing Group
European Research Council (247276)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/K035282/1)
This work was supported by the European Research Council (ERC) (Advanced Investigator grant ERC-2009-AdG-247276-NOVOX), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) (Equipment Account Grant EP/K035282/1) and the Isaac Newton Trust (Minute 13.38(k)).