Close entrainment of massive molecular gas flows by radio bubbles in the central galaxy of Abell 1795


Type
Article
Change log
Authors
Russell, HR 
McNamara, B 
Nulsen, P 
Combes, F 
Abstract

We present new ALMA observations tracing the morphology and velocity structure of the molecular gas in the central galaxy of the cluster Abell 1795. The molecular gas lies in two filaments that extend 5—7 kpc to the N and S from the nucleus and project exclusively around the outer edges of two inner radio bubbles. Radio jets launched by the central AGN have inflated bubbles filled with relativistic plasma into the hot atmosphere surrounding the central galaxy. The N filament has a smoothly increasing velocity gradient along its length from the central galaxy's systemic velocity at the nucleus to —370 kmps⁻¹, the average velocity of the surrounding galaxies, at the furthest extent. The S filament has a similarly smooth but shallower velocity gradient and appears to have partially collapsed in a burst of star formation. The close spatial association with the radio lobes, together with the ordered velocity gradients and narrow velocity dispersions, show that the molecular filaments are gas flows entrained by the expanding radio bubbles. Assuming a Galactic X_CO factor, the total molecular gas mass is $3.2\pm0.2\times10^{9}\M⊙. More than half lies above the N radio bubble. Lifting the molecular clouds appears to require an infeasibly efficient coupling between the molecular gas and the radio bubble. The energy required also exceeds the mechanical power of the N radio bubble by a factor of two. Stimulated feedback, where the radio bubbles lift low entropy X-ray gas that becomes thermally unstable and rapidly cools in situ, provides a plausible model. Multiple generations of radio bubbles are required to lift this substantial gas mass. The close morphological association then indicates that the cold gas either moulds the newly expanding bubbles or is itself pushed aside and shaped as they inflate.

Description
Keywords
galaxies: active, galaxies: clusters: Abell 1795, galaxies: evolution, cooling flows
Journal Title
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
0035-8711
1365-2966
Volume Title
Publisher
Oxford Univeristy Press
Sponsorship
European Research Council (340442)
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/N000927/1)
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/P004636/1)
HRR and ACF acknowledge support from ERC Advanced Grant Feedback 340442. BRM acknowledges support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada and the Canadian Space Agency Space Science Enhancement Program. ACE acknowledges support from STFC grant ST/P000541/1. PS acknowledges support from the ANR grant LYRICS (ANR-16-CE31- 0011).