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Accelerating flow propagator measurements for the investigation of reactive transport in porous media.

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Colbourne, AA 
Sederman, AJ 
Mantle, MD 
Gladden, LF 


NMR propagator measurements are widely used for identifying the distribution of molecular displacements over a given observation time, characterising a flowing system. However, where high q-space resolution is required, the experiments are time consuming and therefore unsuited to the study of dynamic systems. Here, it is shown that with an appropriately sampled subset of the q-space points in a high-resolution flow propagator measurement, one can quickly and robustly reconstruct the fully sampled propagator through interpolation of the acquired raw data. It was found that exponentially sampling ∼4% of the original data-points allowed a reconstruction with the deviation from the fully sampled propagator below the noise level, in this case reducing the required experimental time from ∼2.8h to <7min. As a demonstration, this approach is applied to observe the temporal evolution of the reactive flow of acid through an Estaillades rock core plug. It is shown that 'wormhole' formation in the rock core plug provides a channel for liquid flow such that the remaining pore space is by-passed, thereby causing the flow velocity of the liquid in the remaining part of the plug to become stagnant. The propagator measurements are supported by both 1D profiles and 2D imaging data. Such insights are of importance in understanding well acidisation and CO2 sequestration processes.



Dissolution, Interpolation, MRI, NMR, Porous media, Propagator, Reactive flow, Rock

Journal Title

J Magn Reson

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Elsevier BV
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/K039318/1)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/L012251/1)
The authors acknowledge Dr M. Benning for discussions relating to compressed sensing and the EPSRC for funding (grant numbers EP/L012251/1 and EP/K039318/1).
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