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Prohibitin-1 Is a Dynamically Regulated Blood Protein With Cardioprotective Effects in Sepsis.

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Mattox, Taylor A 
Psaltis, Christine 
Weihbrecht, Katie 
Robidoux, Jacques 
Kilburg-Basnyat, Brita 


Background In sepsis, circulating cytokines and lipopolysaccharide elicit mitochondrial dysfunction and cardiomyopathy, a major cause of morbidity and mortality with this condition. Emerging research places the PHB1 (lipid raft protein prohibitin-1) at the nexus of inflammation, metabolism, and oxidative stress. PHB1 has also been reported in circulation, though its function in this compartment is completely unknown. Methods and Results Using a wide-ranging approach across multiple in vitro and in vivo models, we interrogated the functional role of intracellular and circulating PHB1 in the heart during sepsis, and elucidated some of the mechanisms involved. Upon endotoxin challenge or sepsis induction in rodent models, PHB1 translocates from mitochondria to nucleus in cardiomyocytes and is secreted into the circulation from the liver in a manner dependent on nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2, a key transcriptional regulator of the antioxidant response. Overexpression or treatment with recombinant human PHB1 enhances the antioxidant/anti-inflammatory response and protects HL-1 cardiomyocytes from mitochondrial dysfunction and toxicity from cytokine stress. Importantly, administration of recombinant human PHB1 blunted inflammation and restored cardiac contractility and ATP production in mice following lipopolysaccharide challenge. This cardioprotective, anti-inflammatory effect of recombinant human PHB1 was determined to be independent of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2, but partially dependent on PI3K/AKT  signaling in the heart. Conclusions These findings reveal a previously unknown cardioprotective effect of PHB1 during sepsis, and illustrate a pro-survival, protective role for PHB1 in the circulation. Exploitation of circulating PHB1 as a biomarker and/or therapeutic could have widespread benefit in the clinical management of sepsis and other severe inflammatory disorders.



cardiomyopathy, circulating factor, inflammation, mitochondria, prohibitins, redox, shock, Animals, Apoptosis, Blood Proteins, Cardiotonic Agents, Cytokines, Lipopolysaccharides, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Myocytes, Cardiac, Prohibitins, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Repressor Proteins, Sepsis, Signal Transduction, Rats

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J Am Heart Assoc

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Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)