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A 32-society investigation of the influence of perceived economic inequality on social class stereotyping

Published version
Peer-reviewed

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Authors

Jetten, J 
Ashokkumar, A 
Barry, O 

Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pThere is a growing body of work suggesting that social class stereotypes are amplified when people perceive higher levels of economic inequality—that is, the wealthy are perceived as more competent and assertive and the poor as more incompetent and unassertive. The present study tested this prediction in 32 societies and also examines the role of wealth‐based categorization in explaining this relationship. We found that people who perceived higher economic inequality were indeed more likely to consider wealth as a meaningful basis for categorization. Unexpectedly, however, higher levels of perceived inequality were associated with perceiving the wealthy as less competent and assertive and the poor as more competent and assertive. Unpacking this further, exploratory analyses showed that the observed tendency to stereotype the wealthy negatively only emerged in societies with lower social mobility and democracy and higher corruption. This points to the importance of understanding how socio‐structural features that co‐occur with economic inequality may shape perceptions of the wealthy and the poor.</jats:p>

Description

Keywords

5205 Social and Personality Psychology, 52 Psychology, Basic Behavioral and Social Science, Behavioral and Social Science, 10 Reduced Inequalities

Journal Title

European Journal of Social Psychology

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0046-2772
1099-0992

Volume Title

Publisher

Wiley
Sponsorship
Australian Research Council Discovery (DP170101008)
the Centre for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies (15130009)
the Center for Intercultural and Indigenous Research (ANID/FONDAP #15110006)
JSPS KAKENHI (19KK0063)