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Cerebrospinal fluid dynamics in pediatric pseudotumor cerebri syndrome

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Lalou, Afroditi-Despina  ORCID logo
McTaggart, James S. 
Czosnyka, Zofia H. 
Garnett, Matthew R 
Krishnakumar, Deepa 


Abstract: Purpose: There is a growing body of evidence highlighting the importance of comprehensive intracranial pressure (ICP) values in pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS). Due to the highly dynamic nature of ICP, several methods of ICP monitoring have been established, including the CSF infusion study. We have performed a retrospective review of the CSF dynamics measurements for all pediatric patients investigated for PTCS in our center and examined their diagnostic value compared with clinical classification. Methods: We retrospectively recruited 31 patients under 16 years of age investigated for PTCS by CSF infusion test. We used the clinically provided Friedman classification 13/31 patients with definite PTCS (group A), 13/31 with probable PTCS (group B), and 5/31 not PTCS (group C), to compare CSF dynamics in the 3 groups. Results: CSF pressure (CSFp) was significantly increased in group A (29.18 ± 7.72 mmHg) compared with B (15.31 ± 3.47 mmHg; p = 1.644e-05) and C (17.51 ± 5.87; p = 0.01368). The amplitude (AMP) was higher in the definite (2.18 ± 2.06 mmHg) than in group B (0.68 ± 0.37; p = 0.01382). There was no in either CSFp or AMP between groups B and C. No lower breakpoint of the AMP-P line was observed in group A but was present in 2/13 and 2/5 patients in groups B and C. In group A, sagittal sinus pressure (SSp) and elasticity were the only parameters above threshold (p = 4.2e-06 and p = 0.001953, respectively), In group B, only the elasticity was significantly higher than the threshold (p = 004257). Group C did not have any of the parameters raised. The AUC of CSFp, elasticity, and SSp for the 3 groups was 93.8% (84.8–100% CI). Conclusions: Monitoring of CSFp and its dynamics, besides providing a more precise methodology for measuring CSFp, could yield information on the dynamic parameters of CSFp that cannot be derived from CSFp as a number, accurately differentiating between the clinically and radiologically derived entities of PTCS.


Funder: University of Cambridge


Focus Session, Idiopathic intracranial hypertension, Pseudotumor cerebri, Intracranial pressure, CSF dynamics, CSF infusion studies

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Child's Nervous System

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Springer Berlin Heidelberg