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Plasmonic Magnesium Nanoparticles Are Efficient Nanoheaters.

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West, Claire A 
Lomonosov, Vladimir 
Pehlivan, Zeki Semih 


Understanding and guiding light at the nanoscale can significantly impact society, for instance, by facilitating the development of efficient, sustainable, and/or cost-effective technologies. One emergent branch of nanotechnology exploits the conversion of light into heat, where heat is subsequently harnessed for various applications including therapeutics, heat-driven chemistries, and solar heating. Gold nanoparticles are overwhelmingly the most common material for plasmon-assisted photothermal applications; yet magnesium nanoparticles present a compelling alternative due to their low cost and superior biocompatibility. Herein, we measured the heat generated and quantified the photothermal efficiency of the gold and magnesium nanoparticle suspensions. Photothermal transduction experiments and optical and thermal simulations of different sizes and shapes of gold and magnesium nanoparticles showed that magnesium is more efficient at converting light into heat compared to gold at near-infrared wavelengths, thus demonstrating that magnesium nanoparticles are a promising new class of inexpensive, biodegradable photothermal platforms.


Publication status: Published


magnesium, photothermal therapy, photothermal transduction, plasmonics

Is Part Of


American Chemical Society (ACS)
European Research Council (804523)
EPSRC (EP/W015986/1)
Royal Society (NIF\R1\211474)