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Phase estimation of local Hamiltonians on NISQ hardware

Published version
Peer-reviewed

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Authors

Bausch, Johannes 
Klassen, Joel 
Cubitt, Toby 

Abstract

In this work we investigate a binned version of quantum phase estimation (QPE) set out by Somma (2019 New J. Phys. 21 123025) and known as the quantum eigenvalue estimation problem (QEEP). Specifically, we determine whether the circuit decomposition techniques we set out in previous work, Clinton et al (2021 Nat. Commun. 12 1–10), can improve the performance of QEEP in the noisy intermediate scale quantum (NISQ) regime. To this end we adopt a physically motivated abstraction of NISQ device capabilities as in Clinton et al (2021 Nat. Commun. 12 1–10). Within this framework, we find that our techniques reduce the threshold at which it becomes possible to perform the minimum two-bin instance of this algorithm by an order of magnitude. This is for the specific example of a two dimensional spin Fermi-Hubbard model. For example, we estimate that the depolarizing single qubit error rate required to implement a minimum two bin example of QEEP—with a 5×5 Fermi-Hubbard model and up to a precision of 10% —can be reduced from 10−7 to 10−5. We explore possible modifications to this protocol and propose an application, which we dub randomized quantum eigenvalue estimation problem (rQEEP). rQEEP outputs estimates on the fraction of eigenvalues which lie within randomly chosen bins and upper bounds the total deviation of these estimates from the true values. One use case we envision for this algorithm is resolving density of states features of local Hamiltonians.

Description

Keywords

quantum computing, quantum phase estimation, Hamiltonian simulation, pulse efficient compilation

Journal Title

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

1367-2630

Volume Title

Publisher

IOP Publishing