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Interrogating two schedules of the AKT inhibitor MK-2206 in patients with advanced solid tumors incorporating novel pharmacodynamic and functional imaging biomarkers.

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Yap, Timothy A 
Yan, Li 
Patnaik, Amita 
Tunariu, Nina 
Biondo, Andrea 


PURPOSE: Multiple cancers harbor genetic aberrations that impact AKT signaling. MK-2206 is a potent pan-AKT inhibitor with a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) previously established at 60 mg on alternate days (QOD). Due to a long half-life (60-80 hours), a weekly (QW) MK-2206 schedule was pursued to compare intermittent QW and continuous QOD dosing. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients with advanced cancers were enrolled in a QW dose-escalation phase I study to investigate the safety and pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic profiles of tumor and platelet-rich plasma (PRP). The QOD MTD of MK-2206 was also assessed in patients with ovarian and castration-resistant prostate cancers and patients with advanced cancers undergoing multiparametric functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, including dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, diffusion-weighted imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and intrinsic susceptibility-weighted MRI. RESULTS: A total of 71 patients were enrolled; 38 patients had 60 mg MK-2206 QOD, whereas 33 received MK-2206 at 90, 135, 150, 200, 250, and 300 mg QW. The QW MK-2206 MTD was established at 200 mg following dose-limiting rash at 250 and 300 mg. QW dosing appeared to be similarly tolerated to QOD, with toxicities including rash, gastrointestinal symptoms, fatigue, and hyperglycemia. Significant AKT pathway blockade was observed with both continuous QOD and intermittent QW dosing of MK-2206 in serially obtained tumor and PRP specimens. The functional imaging studies demonstrated that complex multiparametric MRI protocols may be effectively implemented in a phase I trial. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with MK-2206 safely results in significant AKT pathway blockade in QOD and QW schedules. The intermittent dose of 200 mg QW is currently used in phase II MK-2206 monotherapy and combination studies (NCT00670488).



Adult, Aged, Antineoplastic Agents, Biomarkers, Diagnostic Imaging, Drug Administration Schedule, Drug Monitoring, Female, Heterocyclic Compounds, 3-Ring, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Maximum Tolerated Dose, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Staging, Neoplasms, Protein Kinase Inhibitors, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt, Treatment Outcome

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Clin Cancer Res

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American Association for Cancer Research (AACR)
This study was supported by Merck & Co., Inc. The Drug Development Unit of the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust and The Institute of Cancer Research is supported in part by a program grant from Cancer Research U.K. Support was also provided by the Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre (to The Institute of Cancer Research), the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Biomedical Research Centre (jointly to the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust and The Institute of Cancer Research), the NIHR Clinical Research Facility (to the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust) and the Cancer Research UK and EPSRC Cancer Imaging Centre. T.A. Yap is the recipient of the 2011 Rebecca and Nathan Milikowsky – PCF Young Investigator Award and is supported by the NIHR. M.O. Leach is an NIHR Senior Investigator.